Down the memory lane
Written By: Counselling Psychologist
M.Sc. Psychology - Swansea University, UK.
Reviewed By: Counselling Psychologist
MA Psychology Pennsylvania State University, USA
Last Updated: 31-03-2023

Down the memory lane


While everyone is posting throwback pictures from their childhood or prior to the quarantine days, it is really fascinating to know how memories play a vital role in defining our past experiences and determining our current equations or bonds.

Human memory includes the capacity to both save and recoup data we have learned or experienced, this is definitely not a faultless procedure. Once in a while, it slips our minds or we misremember things. Now and then things are not appropriately encoded in memory in any case.

Memory issues can run from minor disturbances like overlooking where you left your keys to significant ailments, similar to Alzheimer's and different sorts of Dementia, that influence personal satisfaction and the capacity to work.

Do you know why we can recall certain things even after years while forgetting something that happened a few days or even minutes ago?

While a few unique models of memory have been proposed, the stage model of memory is regularly used to clarify the essential structure and capacity of memory. At first, proposed in 1968 by Atkinson and Shiffrin, this hypothesis traces three separate phases of memory

Sensory Memory

Tactile memory is the most punctual phase of memory. During this stage, tangible data from nature is put away for a concise timeframe, for the most part for no longer than a half-second for visual data and 3 or 4 seconds for sound-related data. We go to just certain parts of this tangible memory, permitting a portion of this data to go into the following stage - transient memory.

Short term Memory

Momentary memory, otherwise called dynamic memory, is the data we are as of now mindful of or considering. In Freudian brain research, this memory would be alluded to as the cognizant psyche. Focusing on tactile recollections produces data in momentary memory.

While a considerable lot of our transient recollections are immediately overlooked, taking care of this data permits it to proceed to the following stage—long-haul memory. The majority of the data put away in dynamic memory will be saved for roughly 20 to 30 seconds.

Momentary memory is frequently utilized conversely with working memory, which alludes to the procedures that are utilized to briefly store, sort out, and control data.

Long term Memory

Long haul memory alludes to the proceeding with a capacity of data. In Freudian brain science, long-haul memory would be known as the preconscious and oblivious. This data is to a great extent outside of our mindfulness however can be called into working memory to be utilized when required. A portion of this data is genuinely simple to review, while different recollections are considerably harder to get to.

Techniques to enhance memory

Do you tend to forget easily? Here are a few self-help techniques that you can adapt in order to enhance your memory.

  • Make a note of it

A written note, not only serves as your reference later but also signals your brain ‘it is important’.

  • Associate personal meaning

We tend to remember things when they have a meaning for us on a personal level.

  • Rehearsal 

‘Practice makes perfect’ Yes that’s true. Rehearsal helps the memory to encode beyond our short-term memory.

  • Categorize

Information that is grouped becomes easier to recall. For example, consider the following words: chair, mango, table, red, banana, sofa, cherry, blue, bed, black, and pear. Spend a few seconds reading them, then look away and try to recall and list these words. Listing the given words in three different categories: color, furniture, and fruit shall help you remember easily.

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