Occupational Therapy (OT)

Occupational therapy is a healthcare profession. It is focused on helping people complete all the things they desire and need to accomplish in their everyday lives. Occupational therapy helps you learn to adapt. It will help you accomplish whatever task you require at work, school, home, or work. Occupational therapy practice aims to promote participation in work following illness, injury, or disability as well as to maintain and prevent disability.

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Know More About Occupational Therapy (OT)

What Occupational Therapy can help with?

  • It can aid you with certain things, such as:
  • Eating without assistance from anyone else
  • Take part in leisure activities
  • Do Office work
  • Dress, wash and bathe
  • Clean up or wash laundry

What Does an Occupational Therapist Do?

  • prescribe and train you to use assistive devices such as wheelchairs or raised toilet seats
  • Teach you how to button your shirt and tie your shoes, go in and out of the bath, and work on your computer
  • Aid older adults to avoid falls at home or in public places
  • Treat adults who've suffered an accident to help improve their balance, modify their home to avoid injuries, strengthen muscles, or adjust to their speech or memory difficulties
  • Keep track of your medication or household tools
  • Help children with behavior issues who are violent or physically assault other people
  • Enhance your hand-eye coordination in order to hit tennis balls
  • Develop your motor skills until you can hold the pencil

Who Needs Occupational Therapy?

  • Everyone who has difficulty completing any job may require occupational therapy.
  • If you have any of the following medical conditions, consult your doctor to see if OT can help you:
  • Chronic pain and arthritis
  • Stroke
  • Brain injury
  • Joint replacement
  • Injury to the spinal cord
  • Low vision
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Poor balance
  • Cancer
  • Diabetes
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Problems with mental health or behavior

Where Do You Get Occupational Therapy?

  • Your therapist might visit your workplace, home, or school to develop the treatment strategy. Therapists can also be found in many places, such as:
  • Hospitals
  • Rehab centers
  • Outpatient clinics
  • Homes for nursing or assisted living
  • Schools
  • Private practice offices
  • Prisons
  • Corporate offices
  • Industrial workplaces

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What is an Occupational Therapist? 

Occupational Therapist receives specialized post-graduate training in occupational therapy. They need to obtain a license and pass a national test for certification to practice. 

Certain OTs undergo additional education to allow them to concentrate on specific types of therapy, for example, hand therapy, treating patients who have low vision, working with children, or working with older adults. 

Occupational therapy assistants assist with specific aspects of your therapy. They don t evaluate the patient or design your therapy program. An OT assistant must have an associate s degree. The OTs and OTAs typically work in collaboration with your doctor, psychologist, physical therapist, or other health professionals. 

How Occupational Therapists Work? 


The process of occupational therapy is based on initial and repeated evaluations. The occupational therapist and the patient they are working with focus on individual and environmental abilities and issues with regards to the patient s life. Regularized methods, interviews, and observations in various settings, as well as consultation with significant people in the individual s life, are used in assessment. 


The findings of the evaluation will form the basis of the treatment plan that includes both the goals for long-term and short-term treatment. The plan must be appropriate to the individual s stage of development, including behaviors, routines, and lifestyle choices and context. 


Intervention is focused on programs that are primarily person- and environment-focused. These programs are designed to assist with the execution of daily tasks and the adaptation of the environment where the individual works or lives, as well as socializing. Examples include teaching innovative techniques and supplying equipment that facilitates autonomy in personal care, decreasing environmental obstacles, and offering the resources needed to ease stress. 


Occupational therapists recognize the importance of collaboration. Coordination and cooperation with family members, other professionals, caregivers, volunteers, and other staff members are crucial in the implementation of the holistic method. 

What should you expect? 

When an occupational therapy appointment is scheduled, the OT will be looking to assess the individual s capabilities and goals. The way they approach it will depend on the individual and their requirements. The counselor will typically start by reviewing the patient s medical history and asking the patient questions regarding what is happening in their everyday lives. They might then request to observe the individual perform certain tasks. 

The OT may also look at the individual s school, home, or work place to see whether they can identify any opportunities to improve their performance. For instance, they could recommend labeling kitchen cabinets for people who suffer from memory loss, and installing a railing inside the bathroom for those who have difficulty moving about. 

When the OT is aware of the individual s needs and goals, they ll utilize that information to create the treatment strategy. They might suggest specific equipment, like eating aids, or even a wheelchair, and assist people in learning how to make use of it. 

The OT will usually evaluate the progress made by the individual in a few months or weeks. They will want to know how the individual is performing in relation to achieving their objectives. They can also suggest modifications to the therapy plan at this point, if needed. 

Occupational therapy vs. physical therapy 

Many people mix up occupational therapy and physical therapy due to the fact that professionals in both fields work with the same groups of patients and provide practical assistance. However, these kinds of therapies are distinct. 

Occupational therapy is focused on enhancing the abilities of individuals to complete the tasks they must perform every day. Physical therapy differs from other therapies in that it is focused on helping patients improve their mobility.  

Physical therapists (PTs) are experts in movement who can improve the living conditions for those who suffer from specific issues with movement.  

Frequently Asked Questions

Occupational therapists are specialists at determining how various medical illnesses can impair people's abilities and assisting people in overcoming or navigating the challenges that are interfering with their everyday jobs.

Physical therapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) are fundamentally different from one another in that the former focuses on helping patients move better while the latter does so by helping them conduct activities of daily life.

Learn how to use their fine motor abilities to hold and release toys, hand-eye coordination,self-help skills, how to bathe, dress, brush your teeth, and feed yourself.

OTs are trained in the following occupations:

  • Activities of daily living (ADLs)
  • Instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs)
  • Sleep and rest
  • Work
  • Education
  • Play
  • Leisure
  • Social participation

It can assist someone with ADHD in recognizing obstacles to success, creating plans for overcoming them, practicing new abilities or honing their existing ones, and coming up with solutions when things do not go according to plan. OT helps in learning self-help skills.

You can manage your anxiety and lessen its effects on your daily life with the help of occupational therapy. You can sketch out a plan of action to attain your future goals with the assistance of an occupational therapist.

Occupational therapists specialize on helping people get back into fulfilling job and practice in mental health settings.

For patients with depression, occupational therapy can be a significant source of assistance. An occupational therapist's job is to work with patients to determine their goals and put plans in place to assist them reach them.

Physical abilities that enable memory recovery and adaption are restored through occupational therapy. These therapy techniques can significantly improve mental health and general well-being, according to studies.

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