Panic Disorder Counselling

Panic disorder occurs when someone has repeated panic attacks with no apparent cause or fixed trigger. This can lead to a relatively constant state of fear of another panic attack, leading to a loop in which fear of a panic attack will lead to more panic attacks. Always remember that only a licensed therapist can suggest best therapy for panic disorder.

Age:Teenagers or young adults are frequently the first to have panic episodes. But anyone, even young children, can experience a panic attack.

Gender: Panic disorder affects women twice as frequently as it affects males.

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Know More About Panic Disorder

Facts about panic disorder

  • Good diet and exercise can positively impact panic disorder.
  • Generally, panic disorder occurs in people between the ages of 20 and 40 but it can also affect children and the elderly.
  • Panic disorder is often misdiagnosed as a thyroid condition.
  • The average length of panic attacks are 4-6 minutes.
  • Panic disorder is twice as common in women as it is in men.

Causes of panic disorder

  • Fear and worry are the two main causes of panic disorder.
  • Panic disorder can happen due to hypoglycaemia i.e. low blood sugar.
  • Panic disorder tends to be linked to significant changes in life such as graduating from college and entering the workplace, getting married or delivering a baby.
  • Severe stress or trauma, such as the death of a loved one, divorce, or job loss can also lead to panic disorder.

Symptoms of panic disorder

  • Sweating
  • Dizziness
  • Shivering
  • Chest or stomach ache
  • Pounding heartbeat
  • Breathing shortness
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Feeling of fear

Therapy used in panic disorder counselling

  • Cognitive Behavioural Therapy - This technique challenges unhelpful thoughts and beliefs.
  • Psychotherapy- This therapy is done through talk therapy.
  • Medication- Antidepressant medications are usually used to treat panic disorders.
  • Supportive Psychotherapy-This technique is all about general information and realistic hope for improvement shared by the therapist to client about the disorder.

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Panic attack vs. Panic disorder

Panic attacks are a constant part of panic disorder. However, having a panic episode isn't always a sign of panic disorder. Doctors will consider the number and frequency of any panic attacks when determining the presence of panic disorder. They'll also consider how you feel about them in general. At some point in their lives, a lot of people have panic attacks. But it may be a sign of panic disorder if you experience frequent panic attacks and constantly worry about their happening again.

Diagnosis and Panic Disorder counselling

Panic disorder can be identified by medical or mental health professionals. You may have panic disorder if you experience frequent panic episodes and any of the following:

  • Constantly worry about getting another panic attack or what it would do to you.
  • Imagine yourself having a panic attack and losing control.
  • To prevent situations that could cause a panic attack, alter your behavior.

What is the Panic Disorder therapy?

The most effective way to stop panic episodes is with psychotherapy, medicine, or a combination of both. The extent of your issue and how well you respond to treatment will determine how long you'll require treatment. Options consist of:

Talk therapy, often known as psychotherapy, includes cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). You talk about your feelings and thoughts with a mental health therapist, like a certified counselor or psychologist. In order to alter your thinking, habits, and reactions, this professional can assist you in identifying the causes of panic attacks. Attacks lessen and eventually end when you begin to react to stimuli differently.

Antidepressants: Some antidepressant drugs may lessen the frequency or intensity of panic attacks. Serotonin selective reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), or tricyclic antidepressants may be prescribed by healthcare professionals (TCAs).

What problems can arise from panic attacks?

Panic attacks are often curable. Unfortunately, embarrassment prevents many people from getting assistance. Panic disorders and untreated panic episodes can make it difficult for you to enjoy life. You could grow:

Anticipatory anxiety: Extreme anxiety is brought on by the prospect of having a panic attack.

Phobias: A phobia is a severe, unjustified fear of a particular object or situation. For instance, claustrophobia is a fear of small spaces, whereas acrophobia is a fear of heights.

Agoraphobia: About two-thirds of patients with panic disorder also experience agoraphobia. You become fearful of being in places or circumstances where a panic attack could occur as a result of this anxiety disorder. You can have so intense fear that you can't even leave your house.

How to prevent Panic attacks?

You can get assistance from your online therapist while going through panic disorder counselling in figuring out what causes panic attacks. You develop coping mechanisms through psychotherapy to deal with stressful situations and stop an attack. You can also do the following things to lessen your likelihood of experiencing a panic attack:

Individual therapy- Parents may look for a parenting issue psychologist who focuses on behavioral health or child development. Parents are often urged by an online parenting issue psychologist to carve out time for themselves and feel that is more convenient and affordable option. They might suggest parents to continue their self-care practices.

  • Reduce your caffeine intake.
  • Regular exercise
  • Adopt a balanced diet.
  • Stress management.
  • Before using herbal supplements or over-the-counter drugs, see your doctor. Anxiety can be heightened by several substances.

When should I start panic disorder counselling?

There are indicators of some panic episodes that may be mistaken for physical issues like a heart attack. Seek emergency medical attention if you experience breathing difficulties, chest pain, or you become unconscious.

If you suffer any of the following when having panic attacks:

  • Daily life-interfering chronic anxiety.
  • Difficulties focusing.
  • Extreme agitation.
  • Being afraid to leave your home (agoraphobia).
  • Symptoms of a panic attack that persist for more than 15 minutes.
  • Issues with sleep.

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Best Psychologists For Counselling For Panic Disorder

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Frequently Asked Questions

Although the exact origin of panic attacks is unknown, but there are important elements to it which have been found to be important including heredity, psychological issues, extreme stress, or having a susceptibility to stress. The difference between predicted and unexpected panic attacks is that the former usually have a known cause, such as crowds, flying, or exams, while the latter can appear to occur for no apparent reason. So usually it happens with a trigger, but it can also happen without one.

The main characteristics are recurring, intense anxiety (panic) which are not limited to one situation. A person may suddenly experience palpitations, chest discomfort, feeling of choking, dizziness, and there is also nearly always a secondary fear of dying, losing control, or going insane. Fear of being alone or going somewhere in public is brought on by frequent and unpredictable panic attacks. A panic episode is frequently followed by a lingering anxiety of having another attack.

Certain techniques have been found to be effective to calm oneself during a panic attack such as deep breathing exercises, keeping assuring oneself that this will pass, try to focus on something else, try a grounding exercise, like the 5-4-3-2-1 This technique uses the five senses to engage a person experiencing a panic attack in the present moment.

  • Name five different objects you can see around you, and describe what they look like.
  • Name four different sounds you can hear around you, and describe what they sound like.
  • Name three different objects you can touch around you, and describe how they feel.
  • Name two different smells around you, and describe how they smell.
  • Name one thing you can taste, and describe how it tastes.

Between the ages of 15 and 19, panic attacks(onset) are most frequently experienced by people.

The symptoms of a panic attack appear suddenly, peaking in intensity within 10 minutes. Usually, the episode subsides in 20 to 30 minutes, rarely lasting longer than an hour.

When comparing panic attacks usually happen with a trigger, but they can also happen without one, symptoms frequently strike without warning. Disruptive symptoms that could also include a detachment to reality are present and usually disappear after a few minutes. On the other hand, attacks of anxiety are a reaction to perceived stressors or threats, the symptoms can linger for longer periods of time and range in severity from mild to severe. Usually the sensations of anxiety build-up over time.

When a person develops panic attack he should try to focus on his breathing, try to reassure oneself that it's okay and it will pass and nothing bad will happen and then try to distract oneself by indulging in grounding techniques.

Anti-anxiety medicines have been found to be effective in treating panic attacks.

By practicing mindfulness exercises, adopting a healthy lifestyle of living, physical workout, breathing exercises, indulging oneself in work to stay productive.

Counselling helps in treating panic attacks. Throughout the process of counselling counsellor educates the client about panic attacks which involves how it develop, how it affects someone emotionally and physically, what can be the causal factors behind it and ways to effectively deal with it.

Counselling helps in treating panic attacks. Throughout the process of counselling counsellor educates the client about panic attacks which involves how it develop, how it affects someone emotionally and physically, what can be the causal factors behind it and ways to effectively deal with it.

Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy has been found to be effective for panic disorder.

Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy has been found to be effective for panic disorder.

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