Bipolar Disorder Counselling

The mood is significantly disturbed, on some occasions, there is elevation in mood and increased activity while low mood and decreased energy otherwise. The lows and highs of mood can occur in discrete episodes or may overlap (mixed episode). Symptoms can be confusing and initially, it might look like a depressive disorder or a manic disorder. Close examination and assessment is required for accurate diagnosis. Further, you may seek counselling for bipolar disorder or therapy for bipolar disorder.

Know More About Bipolar Disorder Therapy

01 What is Bipolar Disorder Therapy?

  • Bipolar disorder is of various types such as Bipolar I, Bipolar II, cyclothymia etc.
  • BPD can occur at any age but often diagnosed in early 20s.
  • People can experience 'mixed episodes' of mania and depression.
  • Symptoms and episode cycle is unique and highly subjective.
  • With proper care and time, patients can lead a happy and healthy life.

02 What Causes Bipolar Disorder Therapy?

  • Biological causes- change in brain physiology due to accident or injury
  • Genetic Factor- Higher tendency if the first degree of relatives are affected
  • Other medical conditions such as cushing disease, scissor or stroke
  • Excessive drug and alcohol consumption, Periods of high stress or trauma

03 Symptoms Of Bipolar Disorder Therapy?

  • Severe mood swings
  • Extreme episode of mania/ euphoria
  • Extreme episode of depression
  • Emotional instability
  • Disrupted sleep
  • Change in appetite
  • Lack of clarity
  • Hampered social relations
  • Suicidal tendencies

04 Treatment

  • Medication including mood stabilizers, anti-psychotic and antidepressant for stabilizing mood.
  • Psychotherapy for behaviour modification and maintenance of social relationships
  • Individual counselling to reframe their experiences and enhance self-understanding
  • Changes in lifestyle

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Types Of Therapies For Bipolar Disorder

Behavioral: This concentrates on actions that lessen stress.

Cognitive Therapy: This method entails learning to recognize and alter the thought patterns that go along with mood swings. This is concerned with the connection between a person's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. CBT instructs users in:

  • Identify harmful presumptions and thought patterns, then push oneself to practice more flexible ways of thinking.
  • When someone is depressed or manic, keep an eye on their activity levels to make sure they are engaged with rewarding parts of their surroundings rather than being overextended.

Interpersonal and Social Rhythmic Therapy: Relationships are a part of this, and the stress that the sickness could put on them is meant to be lessened. This aids in the formation and maintenance of regular sleep patterns and more predictable daily routines.

In IPSRT, the BD patient keeps daily logs of their bedtimes, wakeup hours, and activities, as well as the impact of alterations to these routines on their moods. In order to stabilize moods, the clinician gives the patient coaching on how to control their daily schedules and sleep-wake cycles. The person and his or her therapist examine potential strategies to stop similar issues from happening in the future as they pinpoint one or more interpersonal problem areas (such as disagreements with coworkers or difficulty maintaining friendships).

Dialectical Behavior Therapy: Individual and group treatment are both included in the skill- based dialectical behavior therapy. It imparts mindfulness and acceptance techniques, such as how to experience present-moment thoughts, emotions, and the bodily sensations that go along with them from an observer's viewpoint without passing judgment. Additionally, it teaches how to manage emotions, tolerate discomfort, and interact effectively with others.

Best Cbt Techniques For Bipolar Disorders

CBT targets the fundamental ways bipolar disorder impacts you by teaching you a number of critical skills.

  • Recognizing your prognosis. Understanding and admitting that you have a problem that is causing your symptoms is the first step. Teaching about the indications, symptoms, causes, and progression of the condition is crucial because it can be challenging for persons with bipolar disorder to accept this. It enables people to accept the notion of receiving assistance while also realizing they are not alone.
  • Keep tabs on your mood. This is frequently accomplished by keeping a worksheet or notebook between sessions, which is then evaluated with your therapist. On a scale of 0 to 10, where 0 equals 'depressed,' 5 equals 'feeling OK,' and 10 equals 'very irritable or heightened mood,' people are asked to rate their mood on a daily basis. The goal is to increase awareness of mood shifts and triggers.
  • Restructuring one's thinking. By learning how to become more conscious of the impact that thoughts have on your mood, how to recognize problematic thoughts, and how to change or correct them, you can fix incorrect thinking patterns. The therapist shows the patient how to analyze their thoughts, seeing errors like all-or-nothing thinking and coming up with more reasonable ideas.
  • Regularly solving problems. This stage teaches you how to recognize a problem, come up with potential solutions, choose one, try it out, and assess the results. Problem-solving is typically first introduced in therapy and then practiced in between sessions. Any area of life might experience problems, including relationships, job, and credit card debt.
  • Improving your social abil5ities. Some bipolar disorder sufferers struggle socially, which makes them feel as though they aren't in control of some aspects of their lives. You may improve how you manage interpersonal relationships by developing skills like assertiveness.
  • Setting a regular schedule. Establishing a rhythm to your day through regular, scheduled activity helps to stabilize your mood. Examples include working out in the early afternoon, maintaining a regular sleep and mealtime routine, scheduling social activities, and performing household duties.

Frequently Asked Questions

Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy (IPSRT). The goal of IPSRT is to stabilize everyday rhythms including sleeping, waking up, and mealtimes. A regular schedule enables better mood regulation. The development of a regular schedule for eating, sleeping, and exercising may be helpful for those with bipolar disorder. Cognitive and Behavioral therapy (CBT). The emphasis is on identifying unhealthy, unfavorable ideas and actions and swapping them out for healthy, favorable ones. CBT can assist in determining what provokes your bipolar episodes. Additionally, you get knowledge of efficient stress management and coping mechanisms.

Treatment for bipolar disorder often includes psychotherapy or "talk" therapy. You can talk about the emotions, ideas, and actions that make you unhappy during therapy with a therapist. the therapist can assist you in comprehending and, ideally, overcoming any issues that limit your capacity to perform well in your life and job.

First would be regular psychotherapy sessions. Along with that, focus on getting adequate rest. Disrupted sleep can be both an episode trigger and a symptom for many people with bipolar illness. Consider your diet and beverage choices. Eating a healthy, balanced diet can improve your mood, clarity of thought, and overall well-being. Regular exercise can be highly beneficial.

A typical course of psychological treatment consists of 16 sessions. Over the course of 6 to 9 months, with each session lasting for one hour.

Although bipolar disorder cannot progress to schizophrenia, both conditions' symptoms may be present. Schizophrenia and bipolar disorder can be confused, however they are two distinct long-term mental health diseases. The symptoms may overlap in some cases.

You can work on treating your bipolar disorder, but not cure it. It is possible to manage your bipolar disorder symptoms on your own to a limit, despite the fact that it can occasionally seem quite difficult. Self-care is essential for treating bipolar illness symptoms. There are several things you may do on a daily basis to manage your illness and lessen any difficulties that may arise.

There is a significant likelihood of suicide among those who have bipolar disorder; when left untreated, the symptoms frequently worsen and may even cause death. Bipolar disorder symptoms can be managed with treatment, allowing individuals to live more steadily and happily.

People with bipolar disorder are capable of leading happy, healthy lives with the right care, support, and self-care. Many bipolar individuals discover that maintaining a regular plan aids with mood regulation. Keep an eye on your sleep. For those who suffer from bipolar disorder, this is extremely crucial. Mania in persons with the illness can occasionally be brought on by sleep deprivation.

People with bipolar disorder are capable of leading happy, healthy lives with the right care, support, and self-care.

Even if you don't feel sleepy, force yourself to go to bed. Caffeine and alcohol should be avoided. Stay away from stimulating activities. Instead of going somewhere bustling, bright, or loud, choose a tranquil, quiet place.

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