Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive behaviour therapy or CBT is a research backed therapeutic modality. It targets to modify irrational and disturbing thoughts that have negative impact on ones emotions as well as behaviour. Origin of CBT dates back to 1960s from the theories of psychologist Aaron Beck. According to Beck thoughts, feelings and behaviour are interconnected and any change in one will be reflected in the other.

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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

01 What is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy ?

  • Develops insight about the faulty cognition and behaviour and helps in unlearning the same
  • Effective treatment option without digging a hole in client’s pocket (cost-effective/ economical)
  • Effective for people from all walks of life.
  • Makes the client independent by encoding self help strategies to handle present and future issues.
  • Goal oriented or focused approach as it resolves issues in hand unlike psychodynamic (dwelling into past/childhood)

02 What Causes Cognitive Behavioral Therapy ?

03 Symptoms Of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy ?

04 Treatment

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What disorders can Cognitive Behavioral Therapy treat?

Cognitive Behavioral counseling is effective first line treatment in dealing with a wide range of mental and emotional issues. It can be employed across all concern areas of life i.e. family, academics, work, relations etc. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is found beneficial to decrease stress, handle complicated relationships, manage anger, overcome grief, and win over addiction/s. Cognitive behaviour therapy for anxiety and cognitive behaviour therapy for insomnia are most common. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is also impactful in dealing with clinical concerns such as depression, panic attacks, sexual concerns, eating disorder, phobias, etc.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Strategies

A Cognitive Behavioral counseling practitioner uses various strategies such as thought journaling, gratitude journaling, pleasure activity scheduling, role play, relaxation activities like focused breathing, meditation, imagery. The strategies are used both in session as well as in form of home work.

These strategies can be divided into following types:

  • Discovery: Introspection and reflection to identify faulty thought pattern and unhealthy behaviour.
  • Goal setting: long term goal is broken into various short term, time based attainable goals
  • Learning: Understanding and inculcating new, healthier thoughts and behaviour
  • Self- monitoring: keeping track of ones thoughts, emotions and behaviour across situations

Not all Cognitive Behavioral Therapy will implement each of these techniques. Instead, a collaborative effort between the psychologist and patient/client is used to analyze the issue and come up with a treatment plan.

The goal of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is to assist people in becoming their own therapists. Patients and clients are assisted in developing coping skills so they can learn to alter their own thinking, problematic emotions, and behavior through activities done both during and outside of sessions.

Instead of focusing on the circumstances that lead to the client's problems, Cognitive Behavioral therapists highlight what is happening in the client's current life. While some knowledge of one's past is necessary, developing more advanced strategies in the present is the main goal.

There is a long list of Pros/ advantages of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

  • Works as a first line treatment where medicine may not work, for example conflicted interpersonal relationship, grief or moving on after break up.
  • Works along with medicine in combating psychological (ex-anxiety, depression) as well as physiological problems (ex-irritable bowel syndrome, sexual issues)
  • Backed up theoretically and with years of research, thus effective form of treatment.
  • Short term i.e. only 5 to 20 sessions of 40 to 50 minutes each thus highly feasible

Like every other form of treatment Cognitive Behavioral Therapy has Cons or limitations too :

  • Difficult and requires proper training and experience to carry out independently.
  • Highly structured sessions, leaves only little room for flexibility and client needs/ mood.
  • Requires willingness to change on client’s part, thus doesn’t work well with rigid or resistant clients.

How to find a Cognitive Behavioral Therapy near me?

  • Ask your family doctor for recommendations.
  • Ask from family, friends and colleagues for a referral if they have been to the therapy.
  • Visit to browse and choose from the wide range of and verified psychologist, psychiatrist, counsellors, certified Cognitive Behavioral Therapy counsellors and other practitioners. Seek help and unlock new you!
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