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Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive behaviour buds from the inability to be able to stop thinking about a particular idea or topic. These thoughts are present in a stereotyped form and are often thought of as shameful and unpleasant. Compulsive behaviour is the need to perform certain behaviours repeatedly. Best treatment options are Obsessive compulsive disorders psychotherapy, Obsessive compulsive disorders counselling, Obsessive compulsive disorders cognitive behavioural therapy

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Facts To Know!!

  • According to WHO, anxiety disorders like OCD are more prevalent in developed countries
  • Children may not be able to identify the compulsive thought behind their repetitive behaviour
  • OCD has equal prevalence rate amongst gender
  • OCD generally occurs in adolescents and young adulthood.
  • OCD has varied sub-themes such as washers, checkers, arrangers, hoarders etc.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Watch short video introduction on what Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder looks like.

What causes Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder?

  • Genetic Causes- Higher tendency if the first degree of relatives are affected

  • Neurobiological cause such as Brain serotonin levels

  • Cognitive causes such as object fear association and Behavioural causes such as rituals, superstitions

  • Triggering Environment Causes and Traumatic brain injury

Double- checking and reassurance

Fear of losing control

Being in a continuous loop

Need to carry out the action

Difficulty in breathing

Restlessness

Apprehension

Stucked thought

Symptoms of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder?

Treatment

  • Medication such as antidepressants for mood stability and symptom reduction

  • Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for enhanced understanding of ones thought pattern and behaviour and for an alteration of behaviour.

  • Family and group therapy for support, encouragement, social adjustment and reduction in conflict

  • Changes in lifestyle including regular exercise, balanced diet, proper sleep and avoiding alcohol and nicotine

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