Different Areas of Specialisation in Psychology

Different Areas of Specialisation in Psychology
Written By: Counselling Psychologist
M.Sc. Psychology - Swansea University, UK.
Reviewed By: Counselling Psychologist
MA Psychology Pennsylvania State University, USA
Last Updated: 22-03-2023

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The spread of COVID-19 is way more than just physiological symptoms, it can affect our mental health, the spread of coronavirus has increased anxiety among the population about the outbreak, and the feelings of anxiety, and distress is creating disturbance among our families Work life and leading to serious mental health issues. So if you are one of them? In that case, are you aware of online therapy? The new avenues for mental health treatment for helping people’s betterment using the internet, especially during this COVID-19 lockdown.

Let’s shed some light on how the Corona pandemic triggers mental health problems and how and who can provide the best help.

When we hear the word counsellor/therapist, we automatically picture a person seated in an office, scribbling notes as a client sitting on a fainting leather sofa. Certainly, many counsellors participate in this sort of talk therapy; many opt for other treatment choices, as the connection you share with the professional is important. Also, you need someone you can trust — someone you feel comfortable talking to about disturbing topics and near insider information, someone who will be a partner in your recovery.

Although it can be quite difficult to determine what mental health, helps fits the case. Many professionals out there intersect. This varies from clinicians and psychotherapists to doctors and psychologists. There is still a maze of terms to get your head around before you start searching for the best specialist.

It is always important to ensure that you can find someone who has the right qualifications and experience to suit you. Finding a person, you feel confident talking to is just as critical. In this section, we will look at the various professionals in the mental health community. We are going to explain what they are doing, how they can help, and the main distinctions between them. This will help you understand what speciality is ideally suited to assist you.

What is Psychotherapy?

Psychotherapy is a concept that encompasses all the talk therapies and the many approaches/methods associated with them. The names psychotherapist and counselor are also used interchangeably, due to the broad use of the words. Such problems vary from mental conditions to emotional difficulties. We may also move over from other mental health industry specialists. A variety of methods, psychotherapists can use to help you understand and discuss how you feel. Many therapists also teach skills to help you more efficiently control painful emotions.

A psychotherapist can work with individuals, groups, families, or couples. Many tend to specialize in whom they work with and what issues they address. For example, psychotherapists can decide whether they work with children or adults.

There are different types of therapy that psychotherapists can train which includes:

  • Cognitive and behavioural therapies –These focus on the way people think and behave.
  • Psychoanalytic therapies – This therapy works by looking at how past experiences affect the present.
  • Humanistic therapies -This therapy focuses on self-development and growth.
  • Arts therapies -Therapeutically using the creative arts

Clinical Psychologist

Clinical psychologists offer a wide variety of psychiatric care to patients during their lifespan and for disorders of mental health ranging from moderate to extreme, and complex.

In addition to medical practice, clinical psychologists can also be involved in research, teaching and supervision, program development and assessment, public policy, and other psychological health promotion activities.

Clinical psychologists are specialized in treating and diagnosing mental illness and psychological disorders and are eligible to provide clinical and insurance advice.

These days, mental disorders have become very common. Awareness has helped people recognize their symptoms and seek clinical psychologists help for mental well-being. Mental well-being therapy assists individuals with mental health and well-being problems. Mental disorders include depression, PTSD, ADHD, bipolar disorder, and many more. This advice focuses on these problems and allows them to be addressed in a happier life.

Counselling Psychologist

The counselling psychologist also helps to support people with mental health issues. These Professionals in some cases prefer to call themselves psychotherapists. Others might call themselves a counsellor.

Many experts think psychotherapists focus on longer-term issues while areas of the two fields overlap and have the experience to represent this. Others contend that counsellors differ little from a psychotherapist.

As mental health professionals, several counsellors are now receiving similar extensive training. Often it is best to test the background, training, and credentials of a specialist. This will allow you to understand better how they can help meet your needs.

Talking about counselling, we are talking about one-to-one, group, or couple counselling. People are free to speak to a qualified professional about their feelings in these environments.

A counselling session can simply include the client and counsellor speaking about issues with no structure or purpose specified. Alternatively, to support the client, a psychologist can use a different type of psychotherapy.

Different types of counselling:

Marriage and family counselling

A family-centred approach is used by marriage and family therapists, whether they deal with people, couples, or families. By handling the relationships of their clients they discuss mental health problems, helping them cope with problems such as low self-esteem and stress.

Substance abuse Counselling

Substance abuse counselling is a way of treatment to help people handle them and help people break free of their addiction to drugs and alcohol. It helps people discuss and reach out to the root cause of this addiction. In doing so, the counsellor suggests coping strategies that have a positive impact on their lives. They also provide them with practising skills and behaviours that help in their recovery.

Rehabilitation Counselling

This type of counselling refers to a practice where the counsellor helps people with their emotional and physical disabilities. Furthermore, these counsellors teach these people ways to live independently and maintain gainful employment. It evaluates the strength and limitations of their patients. In short, they help people by guiding them and assisting them to lead independent lives.

Special educator

Educators in special education deal with children with serious social, mental, or physical impairments. More than anything, their job is to teach them life skills and basic literacy. Nevertheless, most special education teachers deal with children with minor to severe disabilities, adapting the basic standard in education to suit the individual interests of the pupil, and delivering the required guidance. Most special education teachers serve pre-primary, kindergarten, middle, and high school children, while others deal with babies and babies.

Special education teachers work with students who have a wide range of special needs and disabilities. These specially trained educators create and apply appropriate curricula and assign activities that are specific to each student’s abilities and needs. Special education teachers also involve themselves in each student’s academic, social, and behavioural development. Special needs educators assist in developing Individualized Education Programs for each student. The Individualized Education Program is designed to develop individual goals for the student and is modified to the student’s abilities and needs. Special education teachers go over the Individualized Education Programs with the child’s parents, general education teachers, and school administrators. They work very closely with parents to keep them updated on progress and make recommendations to promote learning in the home.


Hypnotherapy is guided hypnosis, or with the aid of a professional hypnotherapist, a trance-like state of attention and relaxation attained. Similar to being fully immersed in a book, video, music, or even one's thoughts or meditations, this trance-like state. In this environment, clients can shift their energies fully inward, identify, and use deep inside themselves the human tools that will help them make improvements or reclaim the power of some aspects of their lives.

Hypnosis is not a psychotherapeutic technique or a form of psychotherapy, but rather an instrument or method that helps promote various forms of interventions and medical or psychological treatments. Only qualified healthcare providers accredited in clinical hypnosis, along with their patients, will determine whether to use hypnosis along with other treatments. As with psychotherapy, the duration of treatment with hypnosis varies according to the severity of the issue.

Expressive art therapy

Expressive art therapy combines visual arts, movement, drama, music, writing, and other creative processes to help a person express and visualize emotions and facilitate growth and healing. In contrast to art education, where the focus is on the quality of the finished product, art therapy emphasizes the process—-what a person learns about himself or herself while creating a piece of art. The explanation and discussion of what the art project represents are key components of therapy. Expressive Arts Therapy can be used on individuals from all age groups, as well as in groups. Children can benefit tremendously from Creative Art Therapy.

Your concern about getting a licensed therapist being assured of the right therapist you must check whether you are on the right platform or not. Hopequre provides thousands of licensed and experienced mental health counsellors with expertise in a range of issues including anxiety, depression, substance abuse, trauma, couples therapy, and more. All Hopequre therapists complete a rigorous vetting and credentialing process.

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