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Mania or Manic syndrome

Mania or  Manic syndrome

Last Updated: 08-03-2023

Written by :

Ms.Zahabiya Bambora
Counselling Psychologist
M.Sc. Psychology - Swansea University, UK.

Reviewed By:

Counselling Psychologist MA Psychology Pennsylvania State University, USA
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Mania has more than just additional burning energy. It is a psychological condition that causes a person to experience unreasonable euphoria, very intense moods, hyperactivity, and delusions.

Mania is a mood disorder that makes you abnormally energized, both physically and mentally. Your mood will switch from the lowest depression to the highest of mania every day or over weeks or months. You should feel strong and full of energy during the mania period. Mania may be serious enough to require you to be in the hospital.

Mania occurs in people with bipolar I disorders. In certain bipolar I cases, depressive episodes contrast with periods of depression. Nevertheless, Bipolar I does not often have depressive spells like people with bipolar. An episode of mania (bipolar I disorder) has extreme joy, extreme irritability, hyperactivity, a low sleep need and race thinking that can lead to fast speech.

People in a manic episode think they can do something, plan to do all this stuff and that nothing can deter them. This episode will last for at least one week before bipolar I is diagnosed and reflects a dramatic shift from the behaviour of a person.

How is mania Diagnosed: Through asking questions and addressing symptoms, a mental health professional or psychiatrist may diagnose a patient for mania. Direct observations can indicate a psychotic episode in a patient.

The American Psychiatric Associations Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-V) on Mental Illness defines manic episode criteria. Unless the patient is hospitalized, the condition will continue for a week or less. Besides, patients have at least three of the following symptoms in addition to depressed mood:

  • The person who gets distracted quickly.

  • Individuals who possess risky or impulsive behaviour which involves income, company activity, and risky sexual behaviour.

  • Fewer sleep needs.

  • Individuals who got obsessive thoughts.

  • Having higher-than-normal energy levels

  • Being restless or unable to sit still

  • Having a decreased need for sleep

  • having increased self-esteem or confidence, or grandiosity

  • Being extremely talkative

  • Having a racing mind, or having lots of new ideas and plans

Manic episodes disrupt a person's life and negatively affect relationships as well as work or school. Many manic episodes require hospitalization to stabilize the patient's mood and prevent self-harm.

In some instances, hallucinations or illusions are part of manic episodes. For example, a person may believe that he or she is famous, or that he or she has superpowers.

Causes of mania include:
Treatment /Getting Help There are many ways to get started on your manic recovery journey. A lot of people start by seeing their doctor or family doctor to see if they are going to suffer from this disorder. While this is a good start, you are also encouraged to consult a mental health specialist right away. Specialists — like online psychologists and psychiatrists — can diagnose a mental disorder more reliably than a family doctor can.

  • High rates of stress.
  • Sleeping habits change or lack of bed.
  • Using recreational drugs or alcohol.
  • Seasonal changes – for instance, mania is more common in certain people's lives in spring.
  • Trauma and abuse.
  • Difficult life conditions – for example, problems with money, housing or loneliness.
  • As a side effect of medication - Some medicines can cause hypomania or mania as a side effect, either when you take them or when you stop taking them. It covers physical and psychological medications, including certain antidepressants. It is best to address this with your doctor if you are worried about the consequences of any medicine you take or have stopped taking.
  • Or it may be family history – if you have a family member who experiences bipolar moods, you are more likely to experience mania or hypomania.

Reference

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