What are the psychological facts about love?

What are the psychological facts about love?
Written By: Counselling Psychologist
M.Sc. Psychology - Swansea University, UK.
Reviewed By: Counselling Psychologist
MA Psychology Pennsylvania State University, USA
Last Updated: 28-03-2023

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Love is a complex emotion that involves a range of psychological and physiological processes.

Some psychological facts about love include:

  • Love is associated with the release of certain chemicals in the brain, such as dopamine, oxytocin, and serotonin, which can produce feelings of pleasure, attachment, and well-being.

  • People tend to feel more attracted to those who are similar to them in terms of personality, values, and interests.

  • People in love tend to have positive illusions about their partners, seeing them as better than they actually are.

  • Love can lead to increased self-esteem and self-worth.

  • Love can be divided into different categories such as passionate love, companionate love, and self-love.

  • Love can be influenced by social, cultural, and environmental factors.

It is worth noting that the concept of love is multifaceted and can encompass different forms and expressions, so it is important to consider the specific context in which love is being studied.

What is passionate love?

Passionate love is a type of romantic love that is characterized by intense feelings of physical attraction and sexual desire. It is often accompanied by feelings of euphoria, energy, and excitement. It is the initial "in-love" stage of a romantic relationship, which is characterized by strong feelings of attraction, intense preoccupation with the loved one, and a desire to be close to and be with that person. Passionate love is often associated with the release of certain chemicals in the brain, such as dopamine and norepinephrine, which can produce feelings of pleasure, reward, and motivation. 

Passionate love is often intense and all-consuming, but it is also typically short-lived, lasting anywhere from a few months to a few years. As the relationship progresses, the intensity of the passionate love may fade, and the relationship may shift to a more companionate love, characterized by feelings of affection, comfort, and mutual respect.

What is companionate love?

Companionate love is a type of love characterized by feelings of affection, intimacy, and commitment. It is often described as a deep, tender, and caring love that develops over time. Unlike passionate love, which is marked by intense feelings of physical attraction and sexual desire, companionate love is more focused on the emotional and social aspects of the relationship. 

Companionate love is characterized by feelings of trust, security, and mutual respect. It often involves a sense of shared history and a deep understanding of one another. People in companionate love tend to feel a strong emotional bond and a sense of interdependence, and they often view their partner as a best friend and confidant. 

Companionate love typically develops over time and can last a lifetime. It is often considered to be a more stable and long-lasting form of love than passionate love. As passionate love may fade over time, companionate love provides a foundation for a strong and lasting relationship. Companionate love is often associated with feelings of contentment, satisfaction, and well-being, which is why it is often referred to as "comfortable love".

What is self-love?

Self-love refers to the positive regard and acceptance of oneself, including one s own feelings, thoughts, and behaviors. It is characterized by a sense of self-worth, self-compassion, and self-acceptance. People who have a strong sense of self-love tend to have a positive self-image and are comfortable in their own skin. They have a good understanding of their own needs, values, and limitations and they tend to set healthy boundaries and respect them. 

Self-love involves treating oneself with kindness, compassion, and forgiveness and it is not to be confused with vanity or self-centeredness. People who practice self-love tend to be more resilient and have better self-esteem and better mental health, which also leads to better relationships with others. 

Self-love can be developed through various means such as engaging in self-reflection and self-care, setting and achieving personal goals, practicing self-compassion, and learning to recognize and challenge negative self-talk.

Self-love is essential to overall well-being and happiness, and it is the foundation for healthy and fulfilling relationships with others. People who love and accept themselves are more likely to be loved and accepted by others.

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How counseling will help in developing self-love?

Counseling can help individuals develop self-love by providing a safe and supportive environment in which to explore their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. A therapist can help an individual identify and challenge negative self-talk and beliefs that may be hindering their ability to love and accept themselves. 

Best Online Therapy can also help an individual explore their past experiences and how they may have affected their self-perception. With the guidance of a therapist, an individual can learn to understand and process past traumas or negative experiences that may have contributed to a negative self-image.

Additionally, counseling can provide an individual with the tools and strategies to practice self-compassion and self-care. A therapist can teach an individual how to set healthy boundaries, communicate effectively, and take care of their own needs in a healthy way.

Furthermore, a counselor can help a person to explore their values, goals, and aspirations, and how they align with their current life. By aligning their actions with their values and goals, an individual can find a deeper sense of purpose and fulfillment, which can contribute to a stronger sense of self-worth.

Overall, Online Therapy can be a valuable tool in helping an individual develop self-love by providing them with the support, guidance, and tools they need to understand and accept themselves, and to create a life that aligns with their values and goals.


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